The term team building is used to refer both to team formation and efforts to advance group development within existing teams. Team building is important because the use of team-based structures is ubiquitous in today's organizations, making practices related to the formation, design, and development of work teams vital to both group and organizational success.

Team Formation

Despite its importance, research on building teams has lagged behind other work on teamwork in organizations. This is in part because most research on teamwork starts with the assumption that the team already exists. (Some exceptions to this view exist, such as work on group development and engineering models of team building.) At the most basic level, building a work team involves specification of the work to be done, selection ...

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