The mutual intergroup differentiation model, proposed by Miles Hewstone and Rupert Brown, is an extension of the intergroup contact hypothesis, the proposition that contact between members of different groups will reduce intergroup prejudice. The model states that contact between members of different groups will be most likely to result in positive intergroup relations when those involved embrace their respective group memberships and acknowledge the differences that exist between the groups.

The model draws on social identity theory, which proposes that we are motivated to hold a positive perception of groups we belong to and that we tend to favor our own group over other groups to achieve this. It is argued that each group can view itself positively during the intergroup encounter by considering itself ...

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