Identity control theory (ICT) focuses on the nature of people's identities (who people are) and the relationship of these identities to people's behavior. It also focuses on how people's behavior is an outcome of the meanings people attach to the world around them. People not only name and classify the world but also label each other and themselves in terms of the positions they occupy in society, organizations, and groups. Each of these self-labels represents an identity, which is a set of meanings a person uses to define him- or herself as a group member (e.g., American), as a role occupant (e.g., student), or as a unique individual (e.g., honest). Moreover, the social structure is a combination of the many role and group positions people ...

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