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THE RIGHT IN THE Andean nation of Peru played a crucial role in the social and political development of the nation. Among all the South American nations, Peru's political and social development is the most intertwined with its historical development. From its inception as a Spanish colony through its tardiness in gaining independence to the export-oriented growth of the 19th century, Peruvian conservatism has assumed a staunch and strict sense of moral nationalism. In the 20th century, the Peruvian right, those in the military, members of the middle class, as well as the landowning oligarchy sponsored a seemingly contradictory notion of traditionalism and nationalistic modernity. Most conservatives believed in the inherent necessity of modernity. However, most conservatives were unable to handle the ramifications or consequences ...

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