NATIONALISM, ONE OF THE modern ideologies, expresses the state of being national, national affection, and nationality. This definition explains nationalism as a set of ideas that members of a particular state, nation, society, or region may collectively feel. Nationalists who advocate national unity and independence try to form or build a nation on the basis of different notions of political legitimacy and sovereignty. One can talk about various forms of nationalism because it is a multifaceted political, social, and cultural phenomenon that can be found to some extent in all types of ideologies, from extreme right to extreme left. Thus, there have been several forms and versions of nationalism. Its main characteristic is that it provides a legitimizing ethos for a group of elites by ...

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