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IN 1924, TWO YOUNG Peruvian intellectuals, Jose Carlos Mariategui and Victor Raul Haya de la Torre, met in a crowded cafe in Mexico City and founded the Peruvian left. On that fateful day, May 7, the two met to discuss Mariategui's visit throughout Europe and his participation in the great industrial strikes in Turin, Italy. The two decided on a path to promote the working and rural underclasses in their native Peru. As a result, the American Popular Revolutionary Alliance or APRA was formed to address the needs of the Peruvian underclasses. The ideology of APRA reflected the ideological tendencies of its founder. De la Torre had a strong belief in the utility of the working class uniting in a regional manner. As a result, ...

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