THE NIAGARA MOVEMENT was a social activism group formally organized on January 31, 1906, by the African American social reformer W.E.B. Du Bois. It began with a clandestine gathering in 1905 of 29 black men who wanted to form an organization that advocated for rights of black Americans. Since the group met on the Canadian side of Niagara Falls, they named the movement after the venue of the first meeting. The principles of the movement as provided in a declaration by Du Bois, coauthor William Monroe Trotter, and the other the members of the organization included a call for progressive advancement, political and civil rights, economic freedom, educational opportunity, egalitarian working conditions, social justice, healthy living conditions, solidarity, and, generally, an end to the oppression ...

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