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THE POLITICAL AND SOCIAL development of Mexico, more than any other Latin American nation, has been shaped by the political left. The rise of the left, both radical and moderate, signaled the beginnings of a challenge to the hegemonic policies of a national elite in alliance with foreign capitalists. In the past 20 years, the left has challenged the legitimacy of the Mexican political system.

In seeking to explain the rise of the left in Mexico, the left's origins need to be carefully scrutinized and analyzed. In the early 20th century, Mexico underwent a social and political revolution. The goal of the revolution was to transform the exploitative social and political system, a system which had for centuries repressed the political demands of an urban proletariat ...

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