ALTHOUGH ANARCHISM and syndicalism constitute two distinct philosophies and bases of activity, they also enshrine particular points of commonality and similarity sufficient to meld them into a discrete political doctrine and movement known as anarchosyndicalism.

It was in France during the late 19th century and early 20th century (until World War I), and in Spain until the Spanish Civil War, that anarcho-syndicalism proved most popular or influential, although Italy, the United States (via the Industrial Workers of the World, IWW, formed in 1905), and parts of Latin America have also proved receptive to anarcho-syndicalism at various junctures.


Syndicalism sought to organize the “exploited” proletariat on the basis of various industries or crafts, both in order to secure short-term material improvements for workers and peasants, ...

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