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Underground media is synonymous with underground press and underground journalism. All these terms refer to the ideologically liberal journalism during the 1960s and 1970s that revolted against the journalistic norms of objectivity and appeared in the form of independently owned, published, and distributed print media. The first underground newspaper is considered to be the Los Angeles Free Press, founded in 1964. Some examples of underground media are the Berkeley Barb, San Francisco's Oracle, Chicago's Seed, the East Village Other, and New York's Rat Subterranean News. The Underground Press Syndicate was created in 1967 so underground newspapers could freely share information and news. Most college towns and large cities had an underground newspaper by 1969.

Underground journalists did not believe that a reporter could escape personal biases ...

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