E-voting stands for electronic voting. It refers to the process of casting an electronic ballot and generally encompasses a wide range of electronic technology, including telephones, cable, and computers. Internet voting, or I-voting, refers more specifically to the process of casting an electronic ballot that is transmitted to election officials via the Internet.

Interest in electronic voting increased following the dramatic events of Election Day 2000 when concerns over the integrity of the U.S. electoral system arose from the uncertainty over whom had won the presidential election. Over a month passed before Democratic presidential candidate Al Gore conceded the election to Republican George W. Bush. During that month, the Florida recount of the presidential vote brought to the fore the untidy reality of punch card voting ...

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