Demography is the study of variables such as age, ethnicity, gender, sexuality, religion, education, social class, and political preference in different population segments. Biological, economical, societal, and political characteristics determine an individual's demographic categories, which can be used as cues for understanding social interactions and furthering various types of research.

Cultural studies argue that whether an individual is younger or older, male or female, white or of color, well educated or uneducated, poor or wealthy determines how that individual thinks and behaves as well as the expectations others have of that individual in various contexts. Governments and survey research organizations, such as the Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN) and Census Scope, study population trends and lifestyles to predict demographic changes. Cultural differences among ...

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