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Cell Phones and Driver Distraction

  • By: David L. Strayer & Joel M. Cooper
  • In: Encyclopedia of Perception
  • Edited by: E. Bruce Goldstein
  • Subject:Sensation & Perception

Operating a motor vehicle is an activity engaged in by more than one billion people on an annual basis. Given that each year there are more than one million fatalities worldwide associated with motor vehicle accidents, driving represents one of the more risky activities undertaken on a regular basis by adults between the ages of 25 and 65. Estimates suggest that as many as 80% of accidents on the roadway are the result of some type of driver distraction, and it has been noted that one of the basic road errors is a failure to see and react to another road user in time. Driver distraction associated with visual processing can be divided into two general categories: Situations where drivers fail to look at roadway ...

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