• Entry
  • Reader's guide
  • Entries A-Z
  • Subject index

The most common kinds of camouflage make one thing appear to be two, two things one, and so on. The occurrence of camouflage predates human history, in the sense that abundant examples exist of concealment and deception in nature. Some plants are often mistaken for stones, some birds have feathers that look like bark, and some insects resemble twigs (called mimicry). There are also natural textures that closely match their surroundings (called blending or crypsis), or forms that are so visually broken that they defy recognition (disruption) (see Figure 1; see also color insert, Figure 13). This entry describes natural camouflage, military applications, Gestalt psychology and camouflage, and more recent developments.

Natural Camouflage

Scientists became particularly interested in camouflage in nature in the 19th century because they ...

    • Loading...
    locked icon

    Sign in to access this content

    Get a 30 day FREE TRIAL

    • Watch videos from a variety of sources bringing classroom topics to life
    • Read modern, diverse business cases
    • Explore hundreds of books and reference titles