Ethnic Identity Development Measures: Orthogonal Cultural Identification Scale

The Orthogonal Cultural Identification Scale assesses identification with one or more cultures. The adolescent and young adult scale is supported by considerable research. The adult scale has high reliability, meaning that repeating the scale usually results in the same answers, but it has been used less in research than the adolescent and young adult scale. The scale is designed to be used cross-culturally. It does not, therefore, focus on specific culture-related behaviors but on general attitudes toward involvement in a culture. Identification with any culture can be assessed, as long as the culturally related items on the scale are carefully constructed so as to be familiar to those taking the test.

Some theories assume that as identification with one culture is gained (as in the acculturation ...

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