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Ethnic Identity Development Measures: Multigroup Ethnic Identity Measure

The Multigroup Ethnic Identity Measure (MEIM) is a survey measure of ethnic identity. It was developed for use with adolescents and young adults. It can be used with adults, but it is not appropriate for children. The original measure, published in 1992, was based on the developmental theory of Erik Erikson and the social identity theory of Henri Tajfel. It has undergone revision to increase the clarity of the measure in relation to the concept. In the current version of the measure, ethnic identity is conceptualized in terms of two processes, exploration of the meaning and implications of one's ethnicity, and commitment to one's group. These processes parallel the exploration and commitment processes of ego identity formation described by James Marcia.

Ethnic identity exploration involves learning ...

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