Ethnic Identity Development Measures: Bicultural Involvement Scale

The bicultural involvement questionnaire (BIQ) is a 33-item self-report measure used to assess cultural orientation. The measure generates scores for individuals' independent association with each of the two cultures, their degree of biculturalism, and a rating of their total cultural involvement. Originally developed for use with Hispanic and American individuals, the measure has also been modified for use with individuals from other cultures, including Asia and Australia.


Adapted from the acculturation scale, the bicultural involvement questionnaire was developed by José Szapocznik, William M. Kurtines, and Tatjana Fernandez in 1980 as a multidimensional tool for measuring cultural orientation. Unlike the majority of acculturation measures that preceded it, the BIQ does not assume that involvement in one culture necessitates exclusion of association with another. Rather, the BIQ assesses ...

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