Equal Employment Opportunity

Equal employment opportunity is a legal concept that suggests that employers should practice nondiscrimination in their labor practices. This concept became codified into law by President Lyndon Johnson in the form of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. This law “prohibits employment discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin.” From this law, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) was established. Other laws that fall under the EEOC jurisdiction are the Equal Pay Act of 1963, which protects both men and women from sex-based wage discrimination; the Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967, which protects older individuals (40 or more years old) from hiring discrimination; Title I and Title V of the Americans With Disabilities Act of 1990, which ...

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