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Certificate of Degree of Indian Blood

A Certificate of Degree of Indian Blood is a legal document issued by the U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Indian Affairs, indicating status based on lineage or bloodlines and designating someone as American Indian, Alaska Native, Eskimo, Inuit, or otherwise federally recognized. Such individuals may be eligible for federally administrated programs or benefits from federally recognized tribes. In certain circumstances, an individual may be ineligible for enrollment in a federally recognized tribe but may be eligible for federal services based on a combined degree of Indian blood (CDIB) equaling one quarter. The CDIB is an arbitrary measure implemented by the U.S. government to account for American Indians when they were confined to select locations and before the Indian census began.

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