• Entry
  • Reader's guide
  • Entries A-Z
  • Subject index

Census Statistics

Census statistics are population-level counts that report the composition of the population. Tabulations of race and ethnicity are crucial to the reporting of changes in the level of diversity in the U.S. population. Capturing recent and historical developments in the area of racial and ethnic diversity is wholly dependent on the consistent and accurate accounting of the ethnic and racial composition of the population. Methods of racial and ethnic enumeration and categorization have changed dramatically over the 200-year history of the U.S. Census.

Early Definitions of Race and Ethnicity in the Census (1790–1960)

The history of Census racial classification can be divided into two eras. During the first era (before 1960), enumerators assigned race to respondents; during the second era (all Censuses since 1960), individuals were allowed ...

    • Loading...
    locked icon

    Sign in to access this content

    Get a 30 day FREE TRIAL

    • Watch videos from a variety of sources bringing classroom topics to life
    • Read modern, diverse business cases
    • Explore hundreds of books and reference titles