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Bureau of Indian Affairs

Beginning in the late 1700s, the military arm of the U.S. government had to determine its response to American Indians recently relocated and contained in the western part of the United States. In 1824, the U.S. War Department created the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) after several years of trying to manage various aspects of different activities surrounding American Indian tribes. Initially, the BIA had jurisdiction over trade between American Indian tribes and non-Indians (trading companies that hired beaver and buffalo hunters who hunted on Indian land), removal and relocation from historical and traditional land bases to reservations and other containment (prisoners of war or crimes committed against non-Indians), and monitoring in an attempt to limit exploitation of natural resources (gold, water, and land). ...

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