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Bell Curve, the

The Bell Curve was published in 1994 by Richard J. Herrnstein and Charles Murray. This book reviewed the research on group differences in standardized intelligence tests and made some startling social policy recommendations. Given the persistent pattern of differential performance between minority groups and European Americans on intelligence tests, the authors concluded that social programs to increase the intelligence of minority group members are ineffective, that intelligence is genetically transferred and not amenable to intervention, and that we need to accept that our society has a cognitive elite (i.e., European Americans and a few representatives from minority groups) and a permanent working class (most minority members and a few representative European Americans). These conclusions led them to make social policy recommendations that included discontinuing all ...

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