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Suicide is a complex behavior involving many factors. Examining the cultural influences that contribute to rates of suicide among different ethnic groups can help us to better understand the risk and protective factors associated with suicide.

Several risk factors tend to be present across most ethnic groups. Regardless of ethnicity, females tend to have more suicide attempts but lower suicide completion rates than males. Individuals with certain psychiatric diagnoses, such as major depression, bipolar disorder, and substance abuse, tend to be at a higher risk for suicide. Higher suicide rates exist among those with easy access to firearms or poisons. Protective factors such as family closeness and high religiosity are also found across many groups, but they tend to play a larger role in certain cultures.

African ...

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