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The term Africentric, and the more commonly used term Afrocentric, describe a worldview in which African people and culture are the central unit of analysis, with a focus on social and historical context. There are two critical aims in the framework of Africentric scholarship: (1) the reclamation and revision of the history of African people, who share common ancestral origins but are spread throughout the world (this international population represents the African diaspora) and (2) the resistance of European cultural hegemony and oppression.

The first aim is to transform scholarship. In particular, Africentric scholars have studied the impact of Black African civilizations, such as the ancient civilizations of the Nile Valley. This revisionist view of world history and antiquity counters the dominant perspective of African people, ...

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