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Poverty

Social psychological explanations of poverty have traditionally been based on two divergent models: the dispositional and the situational. Both models differ in regard to the attributions they make about the causes of poverty and the type of interventions required for its amelioration. Although the situational perspective locates the cause primarily within the social and economic structure of the society, the dispositional model, which has been pervasive in its influence, attributes the causes of poverty to individual deficits and shortcomings.

The Dispositional Model of Poverty

The dispositional model of poverty assumes that the poor are of little value and thus deserving of their fate. The embracement of such beliefs results in poor people being stigmatized and subjected to various forms of class-based prejudice and discrimination.

The theoretical conceptualization under ...

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