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Affirmative Action

Few governmental policies have been as controversial as affirmative action. During the last several years, battles over affirmative action captured the public's attention as two cases–Gratz v. Bollinger and Grutter v. Bollinger–were heard by the Supreme Court. Generally heralded as successes for affirmative action, the two Supreme Court decisions, handed down in June 2003, have not stopped anti–affirmative efforts.

Part of the reason for the continued controversy is that affirmative action is not well understood. Often misrepresented as quotas or reverse discrimination, affirmative action is actually a system whose purpose is to detect and correct systematic institutionalized discrimination. Affirmative action aims to ensure, not to undercut, true equality of opportunity for all ethnicities and both genders.

What is Affirmative Action?

The American Psychological Association defines affirmative action as ...

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