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Hiv/Aids Prevention

General Epidemiology of HIV

Increasing numbers of people are living with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), which causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Worldwide, between 35.9 million and 44.3 million people are living with the virus, and in 2004 alone, between 4.3 million and 6.4 million people became infected with HIV. In the United States, an estimated 349,000 adults and adolescents were living with HIV/AIDS at the end of 2003.

Not all ethnic and racial groups in the United States have been affected by the HIV/AIDS epidemic equally. African Americans and Latino/as have been disproportionately affected by HIV/AIDS in comparison with their proportional distribution in the general U.S. population. This disparity is especially pronounced for women. In 2003, African American and Latina women together represented about 25% of ...

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