According to quality-of-life indices, Canadians enjoy safe neighborhoods, universal access to health care, high education rates, and job opportunities. The United Nations Human Development Index (HDI), which examines the health, education, and economic wealth of 179 countries, ranked Canada third in 2008. Canada is characterized by great levels of diversity in terms of ethnicity, language, and culture, but also in terms of economic opportunity.

Quality-of-life indicators have therefore come under scrutiny in regards to how they pertain to certain segments of the Canadian population. Single mothers in particular are prone to disparities in quality of life and face obstacles related to housing, education, personal health, working conditions, and finances. First Nations mothers likewise face adversity related to several issues, including access to health care, poverty, food ...

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