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Yemen

  • By: Miranda E. Jennings
  • In: Encyclopedia of Motherhood
  • Edited by: Andrea O'Reilly
  • Subject:Sociology of Gender, Parenting, Maternal Health

Yemen, located on the Arabian Peninsula, is one of the oldest centers of civilization in the Middle East, with a history dating back almost 3,000 years. In 1990, the Republic of Yemen underwent political reforms and took steps toward a government with a democratic system. With a mostly agrarian society, Yemen is still one of the least-developed countries in the world, according to the United Nations. The birth growth rate is 3.5 percent, which is one of the highest in the world.

Pre-Islamic and Islamic history demonstrates that women played substantial roles and held an elevated status in Yemeni culture. However, today Yemeni women face many obstacles in efforts to reach gender equality and empowerment as well as legal implementation and protections for women are very ...

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