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Bolivia

  • By: Tanja Bastia
  • In: Encyclopedia of Motherhood
  • Edited by: Andrea O'Reilly
  • Subject:Sociology of Gender, Parenting, Maternal Health

Bolivia is a lower-middle-income country in South America with a population of just over 9 million and a Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita of $2,819 in 2005. It is one of the poorest countries on the continent. Life expectancy at birth is 64.7 years. According to official estimates, 32 percent of the population lives on less than $1 per day, and 65 percent of the population lives below the national poverty line. A high percentage of the population is of indigenous origins: 61 percent at the last census in 2001.

Bolivia signed the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women in 1990. However, gender-based discrimination continues to be widespread. Life expectancy for women is only 62.6 years, 4.3 years lower ...

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