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United Kingdom

  • By: Gayle Letherby
  • In: Encyclopedia of Motherhood
  • Edited by: Andrea O'Reilly
  • Subject:Sociology of Gender, Parenting, Maternal Health

A member of the European Union, the United Kingdom, in western Europe, is home to approximately 61 million people (2009 estimate). The official name of the United Kingdom (formed in 1801) is the “United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland,” as the name refers to the union of what were once four separate nations: England, Scotland, Wales, and Ireland (though most of Ireland is now independent). People in the United Kingdom are commonly called British, although they have different nationalities.

Fertility and Maternal Age

In 1996, the total number of families in the United Kingdom was 16.5, million but this number rose to 17.1 million in 2006. The number of families headed by a married couple fell by half a million in the same 10 ...

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