With a population of 24.2 million, Texas is the second most-populous state in the United States, and the sixth fastest growing, with a 16.7 percent increase in population between 2000 and 2008. Texas has an unusually young population, with 27.7 percent of the population age 18 or under, second only to Utah. The population is diverse: Texas includes the second largest Hispanic population in the United States (over 8.6 million) and the fourth largest African American population (almost 2.9 million). Inequality is a problem: Texas ranks 9th in terms of residents living below the poverty level, at 16.3 percent, although median household income ($47,548 ranked 28th) and per-capita income ($37,187, ranked 21st) are not low compared to other states.

The fertility rate in Texas is 76.7 ...

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