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Tanzania

  • By: Susan L. Schalge
  • In: Encyclopedia of Motherhood
  • Edited by: Andrea O'Reilly
  • Subject:Sociology of Gender, Parenting, Maternal Health

The east African nation of Tanzania has a population of 35 million with 47 percent under 15 years of age. It is a multiparty democracy with a mixed economy. As a developing nation, Tanzania's per-capita Gross National Income (GNI) is $370, and 36 percent of the population live below the national poverty line. Economic conditions, along with other social and cultural factors, shape Tanzanian beliefs and practices of motherhood.

These women in Tanzania use dance to educate others about HIV prevention, which has affected most households.

Motherhood Statistics

Two-thirds of women are literate, compared to 80 percent of men. Females receive approximately 6.3 years of schooling. The lower a woman's education level, the more likely she is to live in poverty. Moreover, such health concerns as high rates ...

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