• Entry
  • Reader's guide
  • Entries A-Z
  • Subject index

Stillbirth

  • By: Laurie E. Woods
  • In: Encyclopedia of Motherhood
  • Edited by: Andrea O'Reilly
  • Subject:Sociology of Gender, Parenting, Maternal Health

According to the March of Dimes, stillbirth occurs in approximately 1 of 200 pregnancies. Other agencies estimate the rate to be higher at 1 of 115 births. Exact numbers are not known due to the lack of standardization in hospital reporting.

Stillbirth is defined as the death of a fetus after it has reached 20 weeks of gestation; prior to the 20-week threshold, the event is referred to as a miscarriage. The stillborn infant is born without the baby making any attempt at respiration, including the lack of a beating umbilical cord. Even a postterm baby who dies one minute prior to birth is considered a stillborn.

Prevalence and Risks for Stillbirth

The fetal death usually occurs prior to labor and can be caused by a number ...

    • Loading...
    locked icon

    Sign in to access this content

    Get a 30 day FREE TRIAL

    • Watch videos from a variety of sources bringing classroom topics to life
    • Read modern, diverse business cases
    • Explore hundreds of books and reference titles