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Somalia

  • By: Sarah E. Boslaugh
  • In: Encyclopedia of Motherhood
  • Edited by: Andrea O'Reilly
  • Subject:Sociology of Gender, Parenting, Maternal Health

Somalia, located in the Horn of Africa, is bordered by Kenya to the southwest, the Indian Ocean to the east, and Ethiopia to the west. It was formed in 1960 from two former colonies, British Somaliland Italian Somaliland. Beginning with a coup in 1969 by Mohamed Siad Barre, Somalia has repeatedly been subject to authoritarian rule, civil unrest, and clan warfare, and currently has no internationally recognized government. The humanitarian toll has been high, with recurring famines and epidemics of infectious disease as well as the toll of deaths from warfare. Somalia has many internally displaced persons as well as international migrants who have fled the warfare, famine, or epidemics in their native villages. Human trafficking is believed to be widespread in Somalia, with women ...

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