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Slovakia

  • By: Ivana Brown
  • In: Encyclopedia of Motherhood
  • Edited by: Andrea O'Reilly
  • Subject:Sociology of Gender, Parenting, Maternal Health

The Slovak Republic is a central European country with a population of about 5.5 million people. It was established in 1993 after declaring independence from Czechoslovakia and subsequently joined the European Union in 2004.

Slovakia is a predominantly Roman Catholic country, with close to three-quarters of the population self-identifying as Catholic. As school attendance is compulsory until the age of 15, most people below age 55 completed some form of secondary education. According to 2005 data from the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), about 14 percent of the population aged 25–64 has completed tertiary education.

Fertility Trends in the Socioeconomic Context

At the beginning of the 21st century, Slovakia manifested a trend of sharply declining fertility rates. In 2007, Slovakia had the second lowest fertility level ...

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