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Qatar

  • By: Miranda E. Jennings
  • In: Encyclopedia of Motherhood
  • Edited by: Andrea O'Reilly
  • Subject:Sociology of Gender, Parenting, Maternal Health

Qatar is an Arab emirate in the Middle East, bordered by Saudi Arabia and the Persian Gulf. It is a monarchy governed by an emir who exercises power with few restraints. The family is considered the primary social institution to provide a suitable environment for children's care and growth.

A new constitution, approved in 2003, formally grants women equality and the right to participate in competitive and democratic elections with full and equal suffrage. In April 2003, the first woman cabinet minister was elected in Qatar's second municipal council elections. However, in practice, most women living in Qatar are not always treated as equals.

The state religion is Islam, and the majority of Qatar's residents are Sunni Muslims. The implementation of Islamic laws in Qatar is often ...

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