Pronatalism is the promotion of reproduction whether by direct policies, such as child subsidies, or indirect influence, such as cultural celebrations of motherhood and childbearing. Throughout the 20th century, different nations have used a wide range of both direct and indirect methods to promote the reproduction of their citizenry. Historically, pronatalism has often been associated with nationalism, racism, and state control of reproduction. In terms of women's lives, however, pronatalism is often framed in terms of ideals of motherhood.

Different Forms of Pronatalism

The promotion of reproduction has taken numerous forms over the last two centuries. Some pronatalist policies have been formulated with the direct intention of promoting childbearing, such those passed in France beginning in 1939. These direct policies may include governmental loans to fund ...

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