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Obstetrics and Gynecology

  • By: Marcella Bush Trevino
  • In: Encyclopedia of Motherhood
  • Edited by: Andrea O'Reilly
  • Subject:Sociology of Gender, Parenting, Maternal Health

Obstetrics and gynecology is a medical and surgical specialty based on the female reproductive system and the management of pregnancy and childbirth. A medical practitioner in the field of obstetrics and gynecology is usually referred to as an OB/GYN. The social and cultural history of obstetrics and gynecology is just as important as its development as a medical specialty. Common services performed by obstetricians include the diagnosis and treatment of infertility, pregnancy testing, abortions, prenatal care and testing, and the delivery of babies. Common services performed by gynecologists include annual examinations and Pap smears; contraceptive (birth control) prescriptions; the management of menopause symptoms; and the diagnosis and treatment of menstrual problems, infertility, and reproductive system disorders. Modern technological advances have improved obstetric and gynecological care, ...

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