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Namibia

  • By: Justin Corfield
  • In: Encyclopedia of Motherhood
  • Edited by: Andrea O'Reilly
  • Subject:Sociology of Gender, Parenting, Maternal Health

Namibia, known as Southwest Africa from the time of the German colonial presence until 1990, has a population of 2.089 million (2008 Census), and a female life expectancy of 42.29 years. It has a birth rate of 24.32 per 1,000, with the country's population rising by 0.6 percent annually.

In 2006, only 29.6 percent of Namibian women aged 15 and older, and only 15 percent of women aged 15–24, were employed (the comparable numbers for men are 46.1 percent and 20.7 percent, respectively). Women are entitled to four weeks maternity before birth and eight weeks afterward if she has been working for 12 continuous months, and women's employment rights (promotion, seniority, etc.) are protected during that time. In 2000, 42.6 percent of Namibian women aged 15–49 ...

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