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Morocco

  • By: Keri L. Heitner
  • In: Encyclopedia of Motherhood
  • Edited by: Andrea O'Reilly
  • Subject:Sociology of Gender, Parenting, Maternal Health

The decreasing birthrate in the Kingdom of Morocco remains higher than for many developing countries. Many women lack skilled prenatal care or birth attendants. Women have primary responsibility for child rearing and the household, consistent with Muslim religious law. Contraceptive use is moderate and educational attainment is low but rising. Women in the formal sector have maternity leave. The 2004 Family Code gave women more rights. Morocco's birth rate of 2.6 has declined due to increased education and access to contraception and lower fertility among the elite, although the tendency is toward high fertility rates compared to other developing countries. Women in the formal sector have 14 weeks of paid maternity leave. Most women rely on family, older children, or neighbors for childcare. Most rural ...

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