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Massachusetts

  • By: Keri L. Heitner
  • In: Encyclopedia of Motherhood
  • Edited by: Andrea O'Reilly
  • Subject:Sociology of Gender, Parenting, Maternal Health

Massachusetts has one of the lowest fertility rates in the United States and the lowest divorce rate. The state does not provide paid family leave, but low-income mothers are eligible for temporary welfare and food and nutritional programs, as well as government-funded prenatal care. Women head 7.3 percent of families with children, and 60 percent of mothers of young children are employed. Contraceptive use is high, with no age restriction on sales. Massachusetts mandates nearly universal health insurance and most policies cover infertility treatment. Women's educational attainment is high.

Fertility, Social Services, and Immigration

The fertility rate of 1.7 births per woman is among the lowest in the nation, but similar to other New England states. Age at first birth is high, consistent with other northeastern states ...

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