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Artificial Insemination

  • By: Kristin G. Esterberg
  • In: Encyclopedia of Motherhood
  • Edited by: Andrea O'Reilly
  • Subject:Sociology of Gender, Parenting, Maternal Health

Also known as donor insemination or alternative insemination, artificial insemination is the process of injecting sperm into a woman's uterus or cervix during ovulation for the purpose of achieving pregnancy. The oldest and one of the most widely forms of assisted reproductive technology, artificial insemination may be carried out under medical supervision or independently, using artificial insemination with husband's sperm (AIH) or from an artificial insemination by a donor (AID), both known and unknown. Most artificial insemination is carried out under medical supervision, although self-insemination is also practiced.

History of Artificial Insemination

The first human experiments with AIH in the United States were reported by gynecologist J. Marion Sims in the 1860s. Although only one of the six women he reported inseminating due to cervical abnormalities achieved ...

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