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Lithuania

  • By: Sarah E. Boslaugh
  • In: Encyclopedia of Motherhood
  • Edited by: Andrea O'Reilly
  • Subject:Sociology of Gender, Parenting, Maternal Health

Lithuania was involuntarily annexed to the Soviet Union in 1940 and was among the first Soviet republics to declare its independence in 1990. The population suffered a severe decline in health status after independence, as did many former Soviet republics, but eventually rebuilt itself as a modern market economy with a high standard of living, and joined both the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and the European Union in 2004. Lithuania's economy has grown by 8 percent on average each of the last four years, and the per capita income in 2008 was estimate at $17,700, up from $15,700 in 2006.

The 2009 population of Lithuania is estimated at 3.6 million, with a median age of 39.3 years and the typical age structure of a developed ...

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