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Armenia

  • By: Sarah E. Boslaugh
  • In: Encyclopedia of Motherhood
  • Edited by: Andrea O'Reilly
  • Subject:Sociology of Gender, Parenting, Maternal Health

The population of Armenia in 2005 was just over 3 million, with a negative annual population growth rate (meaning more deaths than births occur per year) of minus 0.6 percent. The population is primarily urban (64 percent). The 1915–23 genocide killed approximately half of the Armenians living in Asia and drove the remainder from their homes. They settled in concentrated diasporas around the world where maintaining an Armenian identity through the birth of children and grandchildren was a priority. Today, there are about 9 million Armenians around the world.

Motherhood and National Identity

Motherhood is central to the national identity of Armenia: the personification of the country is Mother Armenia, which symbolizes the ideals of strength and peace, honors important women in Armenian history, and recalls the ...

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