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Libya

  • By: Miranda E. Jennings
  • In: Encyclopedia of Motherhood
  • Edited by: Andrea O'Reilly
  • Subject:Sociology of Gender, Parenting, Maternal Health

Libya is a north African country with a Mediterranean coastline, located between Egypt and Tunisia. It became independent from Italy in 1951, and since then, a 1969 military coup has been ruled by Muammar Abu Minyar al-Quadhafi. The country was under United Nations (UN) sanctions 1992–2003 for its part in the downing of Pan Am Flight 102. The primary religion is Sunni Muslim (97 percent).

Male-Dominated Society

Religion and tribal affiliation are the main driving cultural forces in Libya. Tradition has dictated that women have limited social and cultural rights, and are allowed to make very few decisions about issues relating to their reproductive health, which in most cases is considered a family affair. Although contraception is available in Libya, scarce information is available in the public ...

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