Lesotho (or the kingdom of Lesotho), is a landlocked country with a population of 1.881 million, completely surrounded by South Africa, and is one of the two remaining kingdoms in sub-Saharan Africa. It was formerly called Basutoland. Lesotho, when translated, means “the land of the people who speak Sotho.” Its beautiful landscape has attracted the name “the kingdom in the sky.” The country is economically integrated with South Africa. Subsistence farming and migrant mine labor to South Africa are key sources of income for Basotho people. The migrant mine labor system has posed major challenges for motherhood for both the rural and the urban women in Lesotho. Migrant mine labor employment in South Africa translates into men staying away from their homes for three to ...

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