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Hungary

  • By: Sarah E. Boslaugh
  • In: Encyclopedia of Motherhood
  • Edited by: Andrea O'Reilly
  • Subject:Sociology of Gender, Parenting, Maternal Health

Hungary is a central European country that has successfully transformed itself from a centrally planned economy under Soviet influence to a modern, freemarket economy whose citizens enjoy a high standard of living. It has a population of about 10 million, with the typical age distribution of a developed country: almost 69.3 percent are aged 15–64 years, versus only 15 percent aged 14 and under and 15.8 percent aged 65 or older. The total fertility rate, an estimate of the number of children per woman, is 1.4, also typical of developed countries. The population growth rate is slightly negative (minus 0.26 percent), with 9.6 births per 1,000 population annually, 12.99 deaths per 1,000, and a net migration of 0.87 per 1,000. Overall, the sex ratio is ...

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