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Home Schooling

  • By: Sara Zamir
  • In: Encyclopedia of Motherhood
  • Edited by: Andrea O'Reilly
  • Subject:Sociology of Gender, Parenting, Maternal Health

The phenomenon of home schooling (also known as education otherwise) refers to the process of educating, instructing, and tutoring children by their parents at home, rather than by professional teachers within formal education systems. In most cases, the vast majority of home schooling parents are, in fact, mothers. Home-based education is not a new phenomenon; it has been the educational norm throughout the world for centuries. Nevertheless, since the early and mid-19th century, the state has assumed responsibility for the education of children, rather than parents. The route of compulsory education laws created an abundance of public schools, and the choice of home schooling dissipated with strict truancy laws. The public education system is aimed at achieving two main goals: imbuing knowledge and skills ...

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