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Hochschild, Arlie Russell

  • By: Rebecca Tolley-Stokes
  • In: Encyclopedia of Motherhood
  • Edited by: Andrea O'Reilly
  • Subject:Sociology of Gender, Parenting, Maternal Health

The sociologist and mother of two is best known for her research study in which she identified a phenomenon she coined the “second shift,” referring to mothers' hours of unpaid labor in addition to those undertaken upon returning home from paid labor. Fathers did not face a second shift of work upon returning home from the workplace. Results from her subsequent research on families showed that workers with MBAs preferred spending time at work despite liberal family leave, job share, and flex-time policies, and may influence future workplace policy decisions.

Born in Boston, Massachusetts, on January 15, 1940, to Frances Henry Hochschild, a diplomat, and Ruth Libbey Russell, a stay-at-home mother, Hochschild earned her B.A. from Swarthmore College in 1962, her M.A. in sociology from the ...

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